Violence against women is all the acts that do or may cause us physical, sexual, psychological, or economic harm. Being threatened, being forced to do things, being prevented from doing things that we want to do are also violence. Sometimes violence is inflicted upon us within the house, and sometimes outside the house. No matter where it happens, these type of acts and behavior that harm us are called gender-based violence or violence against women.

Different Types of Violence

Psychological Violence

  • Shouting, insulting, humiliating
  • Threatening to harm the woman/her children/her family and friends
  • Blackmailing
  • Controlling the woman's decisions, clothes, where she is, who she meets with, etc.
  • Restricting the women's relationship with her family, friends, acquaintances
  • Preventing the woman from improving her skills
  • Blaming the woman for the violence
  • Repressing the woman’s cultural differences
  • Constantly controlling the woman’s whereabouts
  • Constantly being suspicious of and blaming the woman for being unfaithful
  • Preventing the woman from leaving the house 

 Physical Violence

  • Pushing, shoving, slapping, kicking, punching
  • Harming the body by cutting, burning, hitting
  • Preventing from receiving healthcare
  • Forcing to live under unhealthy conditions
  • Forcing to commit suicide
  • Murdering
  • Keeping under lock, leaving the woman in a danger situation

Sexual Violence

  • Being forced to any type of sexual act
  • Rape, sexual harassment
  • Forcing to have sexual relations by drugging the woman
  • Harming the sexual organs
  • Humiliating the woman’s body and sexuality
  • Forcing to have children, or forcing to have an abortion
  • Forced prostitution
  • Unwanted acts of touching, kissing, physical contact
  • Early and forced marriages
  • Exposing to pornographic images or videos

Economic Violence

  • Detaining the woman from working, or forcing her to work in a job she does not want to
  • Not giving enough money for household expenses, restricting the woman's spending, expecting more with less money
  • Making monetary decisions regarding the household by himself, not giving the women any information regarding household spending
  • Taking away the woman’s money and belongings
  • Causing the woman to be fired by creating a scene at the workplace
  • Indebting the woman
  • Harming the women’s own or shared properties
  • Forcing the woman into giving up her share of inheritance


  • Following, surveying
  • Unwanted and constant phone calls, e-mails, letters
  • Confronting the woman in front of her house, workplace, school, etc.
  • Unwanted presents
  • Sharing the woman’s contact information with others online
  • Forcing the woman to do things by emotional blackmail (threatening to commit suicide if she refuses to meet, etc.) 

Digital Violence

  • Constantly texting and/or calling via internet/telephone, demanding the woman to constantly answer, send photos, send information of location
  • Forcing the woman to send pictures/videos; taking pictures/videos of the woman secretly
  • Sharing the woman’s private photos/videos online without her consent
  • Going through the woman’s texts, e-mails
  • Opening fake accounts under the woman’s name
  • Sharing private texts with others
  • Restricting the woman’s actions on social media